2. complexity of path network,
3. building articulation,
4. complexity of spaces,
7. shade trees,
8. overhands/awnings/varied roof lines, and
9. physical components/conditions.
To give an example from the latter in further detail, Jaskiwicz describes "enclosure" as a principal that, “Measures the degree
to which the edges of the street are defined,” He focuses on two street types: the well-enclosed street, and the poorly enclosed Street. When a street is well enclosed, a motorist naturally feels a ‘narrowness’ that causes them to drive slower. Not only does the actual risk of accidents decrease but a pedestrian’s perceived sense of safety is significantly higher. On the contrary, poorly enclosed streets cause rapid driving speeds, higher risk of accidents, and hazardous situations for children at play, pedestrians, bicyclists, etc.
Jaskiwicz then devised an evaluation system that puts a quantitative grade on the pedestrian experience based on the nine categories. With one (1) being very poor, and five (5) being excellent, it is possible to establish an idea of what is working and what is not working at a given site. Not only is this a helpful indicator of the condition of a pedestrian area, but it can also help point out where improvements can be made.
While in Barcelona, I will be using this system as a guide for site analysis. Each site will be graded based on the 9 categories by Jaskiewicz, as well as a 10th item that I added to the list. "Organization," of pedestrian, bicycle, and vehicular spaces is a crucial piece that affects pedestrian behavior, especially in Barcelona. A "5 -- Excellent" would mean that each mode of transportation has their own clearly defined spaces, while a "1 -- Very Poor," would be the opposite.
Once I have completed the evaluation for each site, it will be time to study the pedestrians to understand how their behavior may/ may not change in the different sites.
Let the analysis begin!
If you would like to take a look at the article by Frank Jaskiewicz, click on the button below!